Restricted Use Pesticides (RUP's) are pesticides that are available for purchase and use only by certified pesticide applicators or persons under their direct supervision. This designation is assigned to a pesticide product because of its relatively high degree of potential human and/or environmental hazard even when used according to label directions. Therefore, initial pesticide training programs are primarily geared towards pesticide safety, preventing environmental contamination from pesticides and compliance with pertinent pesticides laws and regulations. Initial training programs must be a minimum of seven hours and followed by a 50-question open book quiz.

Instructions for submitting an initial program.

The following topics are required for a seven-hour initial training program:

Private Applicator License (30 minutes)

  • Pesticide definition and classifications
  • Importance of the pesticide license number
  • Recertifying
  • Pesticide fees and where they go
  • Rules and restrictions

Reading the Pesticide Product Label (30 minutes)

  • How and when to utilize the pesticide product label
  • Active vs. inert ingredients
  • Signal words
  • Restricted entry intervals (REI)
  • Pesticide product rate; going above or below product rate
  • Pesticide storage and disposal
  • Importance of crop/site locations

Pesticide Safety (90 minutes)

  • Toxicity definition; acute vs. chronic
  • Four routes of exposure
  • Pesticide formulations and applicator safety: liquid vs. dry formulations
  • LD50 and signal words
  • How humans process toxic substances
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Laundering pesticide contaminated clothing
  • Proper pesticide storage
  • Procedures in event of poisoning
  • Sprayer and equipment cleaning

Integrated Pest Management (60 minutes)

  • Integrated pest management definition
  • Benefits of IPM
  • Economic thresholds & economic injury levels
  • Monitoring techniques
  • Pest identification
  • Control methods (chemical, cultural, biocontrol, transgenic, and mechanical)
  • Resistance and resistance management

Pesticide Laws (60 minutes)

  • Worker Protection Standard (WPS)
  • Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).
  • Montana Pesticides Act
  • Other Montana laws and regulations
  • Federal recordkeeping requirements: key elements you need to record, how to use calibration formulas to help you keep accurate records.

Pesticides in the Environment (60 minutes)

  • Pesticide properties in regards to environmental contamination
  • Solubility
  • Soil binding capabilities (adsorption)
  • Pesticide behavior in soil: leaching, runoff, water contamination
  • Drift
  • Volatilization
  • How nozzles and pressure contribute to drift
  • Degradation

Calibration of Backpack, Boom and Broadjet Sprayers (90 minutes)

  • Determining output of sprayers (GPA)
  • Determining nozzle output
  • How to read a nozzle specification sheet
  • Understanding the effects of speed and pressure
  • How many acres can you spray with a given volume
  • How much pesticide product do you add to the tank
  • How much pesticide solution do you add to the tank
  • Useful conversions: pints to ounces, gallons to ounces, etc.
  • Using calibration formulas to help you keep pesticide records
  • Calibration exercises